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Distribution Packaging

To install on the following operating systems, set the environment variable $OS as the appropriate field in the following table:

Operating system $OS
Centos 8 CentOS_8
Centos 8 Stream CentOS_8_Stream
Centos 7 CentOS_7

Then, set $VERSION to be the cri-o version matching your kubernetes version. For instance, if you want to install cri-o 1.17, VERSION=1.17 We also support pinning to a particular release. To install 1.17.3, VERSION=1.17:1.17.3

And then run the following as root:

curl -L -o /etc/yum.repos.d/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable.repo https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable/$OS/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable.repo
curl -L -o /etc/yum.repos.d/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable:cri-o:$VERSION.repo https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable:cri-o:$VERSION/$OS/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable:cri-o:$VERSION.repo
yum install cri-o
Operating system $OS
Debian Unstable Debian_Unstable
Debian Testing Debian_Testing
Ubuntu 20.04 xUbuntu_20.04
Ubuntu 19.10 xUbuntu_19.10
Ubuntu 19.04 xUbuntu_19.04
Ubuntu 18.04 xUbuntu_18.04

Then, set $VERSION to be the cri-o version matching your kubernetes version. For instance, if you want to install cri-o 1.17, VERSION=1.17 We also support pinning to a particular release. To install 1.17.3, VERSION=1.17:1.17.3

And then run the following as root:

echo "deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable/$OS/ /" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable.list
echo "deb http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable:/cri-o:/$VERSION/$OS/ /" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable:cri-o:$VERSION.list

curl -L https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable:cri-o:$VERSION/$OS/Release.key | apt-key add -
curl -L https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable/$OS/Release.key | apt-key add -

apt-get update
apt-get install cri-o cri-o-runc

For more information on installation, visit our install guide.

CRI-O Running Kubernetes Pods

What is CRI-O?

CRI-O is an implementation of the Kubernetes CRI (Container Runtime Interface) to enable using OCI (Open Container Initiative) compatible runtimes. It is a lightweight alternative to using Docker as the runtime for kubernetes. It allows Kubernetes to use any OCI-compliant runtime as the container runtime for running pods. Today it supports runc and Kata Containers as the container runtimes but any OCI-conformant runtime can be plugged in principle.

CRI-O supports OCI container images and can pull from any container registry. It is a lightweight alternative to using Docker, Moby or rkt as the runtime for Kubernetes.

Contributors

CRI-O is developed by maintainers and contributors from these companies and others. It is a community-driven, open source project. Feedback, users, and of course, contributors, are always welcome via the cri-o/cri-o GitHub project.

Architecture

CRI-O architecture

The architectural components are as follows:

Components

CRI-O is made up of several components that are found in different GitHub repositories.

OCI compatible runtimes

CRI-O supports any OCI compatible runtime. We test with runc and Clear Containers today.

Storage

The containers/storage library is used for managing layers and creating root file-systems for the containers in a pod: Overlayfs, devicemapper, AUFS and btrfs are implemented, with Overlayfs as the default driver.

Support for network based file system images (NFS, GlusterFS, CephFS) is on the development roadmap.

Container images

The containers/image library is used for pulling images from registries. Currently, it supports Docker schema 2/version 1 as well as schema 2/version 2. It also passes all Docker and Kubernetes tests.

Networking

The Container Network Interface CNI is used for setting up networking for the pods. Various CNI plugins such as Flannel, Weave and OpenShift-SDN have been tested with CRI-O and are working as expected.

Monitoring

conmon is a utility within CRI-O that is used to monitor the containers, handle logging from the container process, serve attach clients and detects Out Of Memory (OOM) situations.

Security

Container security separation policies are provided by a series of tools including SELinux, Capabilities, seccomp, and other security separation policies as specified in the OCI Specification.

Contribute

You can find us at:


CRI-O is a Cloud Native Computing Foundation incubating project.